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 GoKish -> About kish -> Kish Island History
Kish Island History
    Kish, for all intents and purposes, is an integral part of the
      country's overall history. Ever since the Achaemenians era, the island
      has almost always been a significant pearl fishing and trade center,
      handling the commercial activities between Mesopotamia and India.
      Contributing to commercial exchanges among the three continents, at
      times, the island is known to have also served as a bridge linking
      Europe and the Far East.
      With the aim of replacing the Siraf Port, where trade had actually
      become sluggish, the first equipped harbor was established on this
      island during the reign of the Seljuk kings. Touran-Shah, for
      instance, made great attempts to develop Kish with the help of local
      rulers. As part of that endeavor, he managed to turn it into a major
      commercial center. The imported goods and commodities from India and
      China were stored on this island enabling the merchants from Europe,
      Middle East and North Africa to conclude their transactions there;
      thus preventing long and hard trips and voyages to the far east to
      purchase the goods required. The course now pursued by the Kish Free
      Zone Organization, incidentally, is to some extent in line with the
      island's such historic aspects.
      During the reign of the Atabakan dynasty in Fars, Kish was of such
      prominence that it was in fact the headquarters of the Persian Gulf
      ruler. The affairs pertaining to the other Persian Gulf islands as
      those of the Oman Sea were, indeed, administered from here. According
      to a number of historians, the island's main source of revenue was the
      tariff and taxes levied on the incoming ships and other marine
      As can be expected, the island's strategic location however, has
      always made it prone and vulnerable to foreign attacks and invasions.
      It was why during the 15th and 16th centuries, when the economic
      growth had reached its peak in the west, a number of European
      countries went about seizing the island. In the 16th century for
      instance, in an attempt to expand their colonial domination and to
      have control over the markets of India, Arabia and Iran, the
      Portuguese dispatched their battleships to the region.
      In 1507, the Portuguese navigator, Admiral Alfonso Albuquerque,
      commanding 7 battleships and hundreds of men, first captured Muscat in
      the south-east shores of Sea of Oman and several other ports in the
      area and then headed towards the Hormoz Island. Following the
      declining of the rulers of Hormoz and Kish islands to surrender, he
      shelled both islands and captured them.
      Thereafter, the Portuguese ruled Kish until the Safavid dynasty came
      to power. There is no need to say that the aggressors left nothing
      behind, but ruins. Once the war with the Ottoman government ended,
      King Abbas recaptured Bahrain, Hormoz and Kish from the Portuguese. It
      is said that the natives played an instrumental role in putting an end
      to the domination of foreigners. It is said that MirMohanna, the local
      ruler of the Rig Port Bushehr area, have contributed greatly to the
      annihilation of the enemy's military power. Although these measures
      strengthened Iran's supremacy in the region, the unique commercial
      status, once existed in Kish, was not recovered. This condition
      prevailed all the way throughout the Qajar era. Consequently, Kish
      lost its significance and position during the Nasser-e-din shah's
      reign to the point that Qajar King actually handed it over to Mirza
      Ebrahim Qavam-ol-Molk in the form of a long term lease. And, he, in
      turn, relinquished the island to Mohammaed Reza khan Setvat-Al-Mamalek
      for some 25,000 Tomans.
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[1386-02-24 - Times Viewed : 2696]

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